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Discovering Philosophy

Discovering Philosophy

Thomas I. White -Prentice Hall Multiple Choice Questions

1. An Anthropomorphic account of reality explains things by appealing to cultural terms.

A. True

B. False

2. The philosophical tradition that Plato represents is called materialism.

A. True

B. False

3. David Hume dismisses such arguments about God’s existence from causality with the claim that the material universe itself might be a necessarily existent being, which means there is no need for a “first cause.”

A. True

B. False

4. Anselm’s discussion of the possibility of God’s existence relies on empirical evidence alone.

A. True

B. False

5. The Buddhist conception of the self is the source of the way the self is understood in Western philosophy.

A. True

B. False

6. Unlike Western religions, Buddhism emphasizes the importance of practicing meditation as an important way to foster spiritual development.

A. True

B. False

7. Imagine two twins. One gets onto a space ship and travels close to the speed of light for what the ship’s clocks record as a few months. The other twin remains on earth. When the space ship returns, there will be no difference in their ages.

A. True

B. False

8. Imagine that you are standing still, while a friend of yours is on a train heading north.

You see two lighter bolts strike the ground at the same instant – one to the north and the other to the south. Einstein would say that your friend on the train experiences things differently, seeing the northern bolt strike before the southern bolt.

A. True

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
B. False

9. Unlike Newton, Einstein believes that space is constant and absolute and cannot “bend.”

A. True

B. False

10. One of the philosophical implications of Newton’s view of the universe is that human actions are totally free.

A. True

B. False

11. If we combine the two perspectives represented by Kohlberg and Gilligan, the problem of the moral justification of an action becomes more difficult and involved.

A. True

B. False

12. In Perry’s final stage, “relativism,” we generally believe that truth is a function of cultural norms.

A. True

B. False

13. According to Gilligan, in the view of most women, “the moral person is one who can understand and act in accordance with philosophical principles such as Kant’s ‘categorical imperative’”

A. True

B. False

14. As far as the criteria for “personhood” are concerned, dolphins probably do possess “awareness” because the fact that they can be so easily trained shows that they are

aware of the external world and able to interact with it.

A. True

B. False

15. The fact that dolphins can perform leaps, dives and flips on cue from trainers: prove that dolphins are not intelligent enough to be persons, because persons would not perform such menial behaviors.

A. True

B. False

16. In terms of the criteria for personhood developed in this chapter, dolphins, on balance, did pretty well.

A. True

B. False

17. Dolphins live very solitary lives.

A. True

B. False

Discovering Philosophy

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